Location: Faculty of Built Environment and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, 81310 Malaysia
Date: 15-19 September 2020
The tutorials focus on existing instruments in space and on methods of analysis and visualization. The student participants are provided the main required theoretical information as well as practical exercises along with a variety of data and software. Lectures are given in the fundamentals of visible, thermal and microwave remote sensing, satellite wind and wave data, satellite altimetry, ocean colour data, fisheries applications, and data assimilation.
In addition, there are demonstrations showing how to access all of these datasets from a variety of different softwares. Students are asked in advance what software they use and are shown tools to help them access data directly through their software. There is also a presentation given with pointers on how to write scientific manuscript. During the course there is time for students to work on a project of their choice, which they are expected to present to the group at the end of the tutorial. These presentations are a valuable experience for the participants, who often do not have much, if any, experience giving a scientific presentation in English to an international audience. Students will experience live field data collection and sampling at the ocean facilitated by the experienced local facilitators. Here, related instruments used for ocean water sampling are demonstrated and students will get opportunities to operate them.
In the training course, trainees are strongly encouraged to bring their own data (e.g. in situ data). The training courses are scheduled as follows: trainees make a short presentation about their needs, requirements, and expectations; trainers make lectures and instruct how to use satellite remote-sensing data; trainees process satellite remote-sensing data in combination with their own data; at the end trainees report their results.
- Gad Levy (NWRA, USA)
- Cara Wilson (NOAA, USA)
- MingAn Lee (NTOU, Taiwan)
- Stefano Vignudelli (CNR, Italy)
- Abderrahim Bentamy (Ifremer, France)
- Jim Gower (IOS, Canada)
- Nurul Hazrina Idris (UTM, Malaysia)
- Mazlan Hashim (UTM, Malaysia)
- Aidy Dr. Aidy @ Mohamed Shawal M. Muslim (INOS UMT, Malaysia)
- Mohd Nadzri Md Reba (UTM, Malaysia)
To enroll, please download and complete the training application document and send to our email firstname.lastname@example.org with heading: Application for Tutorial Capacity Building.
We will accept the application from all participant by 15 February 2020.
Tuition fee waiver will be offered depend on the number of participants.
Full/Partial travel grants might be available.
PORSEC Association, UTM, and UMT.
Date: 15-19 September 2020
|1. Title : Special session on Marine Economy and Safety
Chair : Malaysian Space Agency, and Malaysia Marine Department
|Abstract : The growth of the Blue Economy that refers to the sustainable use of ocean and marine resources help in improving livelihoods through the economic growth. The use of ocean as main means of transportation of cargoes & passengers has significant relationships to economic. Ocean resources are viewed as lucrative areas for increased investment, including in fisheries, aquaculture, bio-prospecting, renewable energy, oil and gas, and other businesses. The economic potential of the oceans is expected to increase by 2030. Yet managing this growth should be undertaken in a safe and just manner caution.|
|2. Title : Special session on Coastal and Hydrographic survey
Chair : TBA
|Abstract : The discovering of ocean parameters become the major task in the coastal and hydrographic survey. The skilled and qualified surveyors along with the extensive knowledge of the hydrography influence the productivity of hydrographic surveying measurement in supporting the inland waters evolution, expeditious growth of coastal areas, climate change and offshore industries. Thus, the exposure of the hydrographic technologies to the Licensed Land Surveyors community is necessary as this community is one of the agencies that performing hydrographic survey for mapping the seabed and bathymetric profile, managing coastal zones and safety navigation.|
|3. Title : Satellite radar altimetry: progress in observing open oceans to coastal zone
Chair : Nurul Hazrina Idris (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia) and Stefano Vignudelli (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy)
|Abstract : Radar altimetry is a remote sensing technique capable of providing a unique long term observational dataset to characterize how sea level and sea state variability evolves from the open ocean to the coastal zone. In this session we invite contributions highlighting how altimeter data are improved (technologies, algorithms, etc.) and used (also in combination/synergy with in situ and/or modelling tools) to contribute to the study/research/monitoring (also operationally) of ocean circulation, storm surges and hurricanes, ocean wave field, water properties, air-sea transfer, biological-physical interactions, ecosystem dynamics, shelf processes, coral reefs, algal blooms, tsunamis, climate change, etc. Of particular interest are also studies highlighting processing and exploitation of altimeter data sets in the coastal zone.|
|4. Title : Machine learning and applications
Chair : Barnabas Bede (DigiPen Institute of Technology, USA)
|Abstract :Machine learning has recently gained a great popularity in various application fields, including remote sensing, pattern recognition, image analysis, and time series analysis (i.e., monitoring and forecasting). In particular, not only rule-based machine learning approaches, but also more advanced deep learning methods have been evaluated for remote sensing-based classification and regression tasks. This session is proposed to cover (but not limited to) various ocean applications utilizing machine learning: Water Quality, Coastal Management, Red Tide, Sea Ice, Oil Spill, Primary Productivity, Bathymetry, Sea Surface Temperature, Sea Surface Salinity, and Carbon Fluxes.|
|5. Title : Sustainable development of Fisheries and Aquaculture using the multi-remote sensing technology and GIS
Chair : Sei-Ichi Saitoh (Hokkaido University, Japan) and Ming-An Lee (National Taiwan Ocean University, Taiwan)
|Abstract :This is key issue of global concern for sustainable use of fisheries and aquaculture resources. Satellite remote sensing and marine-GIS for fisheries and aquaculture has been developing and an operational use is required for sustainable development and management. The international consensus to follow ecosystem-based management raises the imperative to design and implement a suite of social and ecological indicators with a view to detecting change in the marine ecosystem should it occur in response to perturbations, for example by climate change or by over-fishing.|
|6. Title : Remote sensing of the Southern Ocean
Chair : Leonid Mitnik (V.I. Il'ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute, Russia)
|Abstract :The Southern Ocean (south of 30°S) has a profound influence on the global ocean circulation and the Earth's climate. It uniquely connects the Earth's ocean basins and plays a key role in global overturning circulation, thereby regulating the capacity of the ocean to store and transport heat, carbon, and other properties that influence climate and global biogeochemical cycles. Session invites abstracts related to satellite remote sensing of oceanic and atmospheric phenomena and processes (including extreme events and their impact) in the Southern Ocean. Abstracts on retrieval algorithms of surface wind, sea surface temperature, sea surface height, sea ice properties, atmospheric parameters for new satellite sensors can also be contributed in this session.|
|7. Title : Ocean Hazards
Chair : Danling Tang South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)
|Abstract :“Wind Pump” is defined as a series of processes and roles driven by wind that influence on the states and movement of the upper ocean waters; We examined the effects of Tropical Cyclones “Wind pump” on dissolved oxygen (DO) in subsurface waters over the Oxygen Minimum Zones (OMZs) in the Bay of Bengal (BoB) ,Indian Ocean, based on satellite and Argo data, considering five Tropical Cyclones (TCs) during 2013-2018. Analyses reveal three types of DO temporal variability caused by the storm-induced mixing and upwelling, which can occur in different areas, depending on TC intensity, translational speed and Ekman pumping. The temporal DO variability is also influenced by the shallow oxycline, mesoscale eddies and biochemical processes. Due to TC intensification, a pre-existing oceanic cyclonic eddy produced a large upwelling and induced a long time of DO decrease in the subsurface layer. The results would help to evaluate the influence of TC Wind Pump on Oxygen Minimum Zones. “Wind Pump”is expected to change the transport of nutrients, promote the cycling of major elements in the ocean, thus drive primary production and marine ecosystem and affect carbon fixation and global fishery resources.|
|8. Title : Remote Sensing of Coastal Processes
Chair : Martin Gade (University of Hamburg, Hamburg)
|Abstract :Coastal marine environments, being invaluable ecosystems and host to many species, are under increasing pressure caused by anthropogenic impacts such as, among others, growing economic use of those areas, coastline changes and recreational activities. A continuous monitoring of coastal marine environments, therefore, is of key importance for the understanding of various oceanic and atmospheric processes, for the identification and quantification of natural and manmade hazards, and eventually for a sustainable use of those vulnerable areas. This session will focus on the way, in which remote sensing techniques can be used for the surveillance of a changing marine coastal environment, to detect and quantify processes and phenomena that are of importance for the local fauna and flora, for coastal residents and for local authorities.|
|9. Title : Remote Sensing of Marine Pollution
Chair : Martin Gade (University of Hamburg, Hamburg)
|Abstract :Marine pollution is primarily thought of as major oil spills resulting from ship accidents and oil riggs. However, the pollution of the marine environment is not restricted to accidental release of hydrocarbons, but is also due to routine ship traffic and oil production, to plastic debris entering the sea through river runoff or direct dumping, or to waste water from coastal or offshore industrial facilities. This variety of pollution types and pathways calls for different monitoring techniques that allow a continuous surveillance of vast ocean areas and that take benefit of different sensors, each with specific sensing characteristics, in combination with sophisticated processing schemes using the wealth of acquired remote sensing data. This session will address different approaches for the remote sensing of marine pollution, thereby covering multiple aspects of a routine surveillance of the marine environment.|
|10. Title : Air Sea Fluxes
Chair : Abderrahim Bentamy (French Oceanographic Institute, IFREMER, France)
|Abstract :This session will encompass remotely sensed observations, theory and model studies dealing with air-sea interaction process. The objective is to demonstrate the importance and benefit of satellite observations as related to air-sea interactions, climate monitoring, operational oceanography, coastal oceanography, marine ecosystems, sea-ice monitoring and applications in seasonal forecasting.
During this session, a particular emphasis will be given to the accuracy of the flux estimates as currently attainable at global and regional scales, analysis of the fluxes at various temporal and spatial scales including trend investigations, and demonstration of usefulness in forcing and/or assimilation into numerical models. Applications to monsoonal regions are welcomed.
Papers are solicited on methods and algorithms for estimating turbulent and radiative fluxes over the sea surface using observations from satellites; analyses, interpolation, and downscaling of these fluxes; combination of measurements and/or estimates of fluxes to enhance flux accuracies at global or regional scales; validation methodologies and assessment of error and uncertainty of flux estimates; net budget estimation and characterization.
Subtopics might include:
Flux Climatology: Regional and global climatology. Statistical characterizations of fluxes at various scales. Spatial and temporal characteristics of fluxes. Methodologies adopted and their uncertainties. Studies based on comparisons with numerical analyses or re-analyses.
Remotely Sensed Flux Impact: Numerical assimilation and/or forcing simulations using remotely sensed fluxes. Methods dealing with the characterization of the impact of surface flux products in modeling of ocean circulation process.
|11. Title : Advanced in ocean observation with SAR
Chair : Andrei Ivanov (P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russia)
|Abstract : The vital importance of remote sensing using synthetic aperture radars (SAR) for oceanographic applications and its role in ocean observing systems has been recognized for last decades. The SAR, capable of monitoring irrespective of cloud cover or sun illumination, makes it possible to observe the sea surface with higher reliability and repeatability than optical sensors and with higher resolution than passive microwave ones. In recent years, SAR imaging became the normal in ocean remote sensing. The present availability of constellations of SAR-equipped satellites, such as COSMO-SkyMeds, TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X and recently launched European Sentinel-1A and Sentinel-1B offer new opportunities for ocean investigators and experts. First of all, a breakthrough occurred in the availability of SAR data and images, their frequent and wide coverage. It is expected that researchers around the world have used these opportunities and already done excellent researches. For this reason, this session will be devoted to the achievements in remote sensing with SAR, in studying phenomena in the ocean and the lower atmosphere over the ocean. All papers, which study oceanic and atmospheric phenomena using SAR, are welcome. These phenomena include surface and internal waves, currents, upwelling, fronts, eddies, coastal bathymetry, oil spills/seeps, sea ice, as well as atmospheric phenomena, such as atm. gravity waves, fronts, vortexes, cloud/rain cells, etc.|
|12. Title : Operational Oceanography
Chair : Nimit Kumar (Indian National Center for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES)), Aneesh Lotliker (INCOIS, India), Kunal Chakraborty (INCOIS, India), Mohd Fadzil Akhir (Universiti Malaysia Terengganu)
|Abstract :Remote Sensing provides opportunities for sustained operational ocean services covering wide range of topics. This session is proposed to cover (but not limited to) multidisciplinary topics for operational applications, such as Ecosystem processes, Coral Bleaching, Fishery, Harmful Algal Blooms, Oil Spill, Primary Productivity, Sea Level, Ocean Warming etc.|
|13. Title : Ocean observations using drones.
Chair : Ron Abileah (Jomegak, United States) and Stefano Vignudelli (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy)
|Abstract :Required Satellites images cover large areas at relatively low resolution. In oceanographic applications SNR is low (due to limited photons). Aircrafts provide complementary, higher-resolution and targeted ocean information, and higher SNR. And now aerial drones cheaply deployed to specific small areas can provide high revisit, and still more resolution and SNR. In this session we solicit papers on innovative work towards oceanographic remote sensing instruments carried on aerial drones, and especially papers showing synergy and fusion for satellites and drones. We encourage contributions addressing specific advantages, overcoming limitations, of drones with respect to satellites and larger aircraft. Of interest are oceanographic data acquisitions including (but not limited to): air-sea exchange; chlorophyll, optical turbidity; marine pollution; near shore sediment transport, sand bars, beach erosion issues; deep and shallow gravity waves; internal waves; bathymetry; navigational hazards; ocean currents; marine mammals behavior and habitats; imaging below ocean surface, e.g., benthic mapping, coral reefs health.|
|14. Title : Monitoring marine mammal habitats and migrations with underwater acoustic and satellites.
Chair : Ron Abileah (Jomegak, United States) and Stefano Vignudelli (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy)
|Abstract :This session is devoted to theoretical and experimental studies of the process of microwave interaction with the underlying sea surface and ice cover.
The session will address a wide range of questions:
1. Physics of wave scattering by sea surface and ice cover.
2. Retrieval algorithms for the parameters of the underlying sea surface and ice cover.
3. Instruments for remote sensing of sea surface and ice cover.
4. New instruments developing for improving the understanding of the scattering by sea surface and ice cover.
|15. Title : Microwave Scattering by Sea Surface and Ice Cove
Chair : Yuriy Titchenko (Institute of Applied Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)
|Abstract :Currently, most of the information about the underlying sea surface and ice cover is obtained using satellite microwave radars. Moreover, this information all over the world Ocean provided continuously for more than 25 years. However, despite the practical successes achieved, a great many questions remain regarding the scattering process of microwave radiation. In addition, new spacecraft using original measurement schemes, insufficiently explored frequencies or frequency and polarization combinations are continuously developed and launched, and new tasks are set. These new space missions require the creation and testing of new approaches to solve the direct and inverse problems of the remote sensing of the sea surface and ice cover.
This session is devoted to theoretical, experimental and numerical studies of the process of interaction of microwave radiation with the underlying sea surface and ice cover.
In this session, we invite contributions covering the following topics:
i. Physics of wave scattering by sea surface and ice cover.
ii. Retrieval algorithms for the parameters of the underlying sea surface and ice cover.
iii. Instruments for remote sensing of the sea surface and ice cover.
iv. New instruments developing for improving the understanding of the scattering by sea surface and ice cover.
v. Numerical simulation of wave scattering on the sea surface and ice cover.
|16. Title : Remote Sensing Ocean Color
Chair : Aidy@Mohamed Shawal bin M.Muslim (Universiti Malaysia Terengganu)
|Abstract : This session aimed at highlighting ocean colour remote sensing and its potential application. Light plays an important role in aquatic ecosystems. Penetration of light underwater influences various biogeochemical processes and behavioural patterns of marine organisms. In addition, dissolved and particulate water constituents present in the water column absorb and scatter light, giving water its characteristic color. The concentration or abundance of these constituents also determine light availability underwater.|
|17. Title : Coastal Impact Evaluation with Earth Observation System Data Analysis
Chair : Mazlan Hashim (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia)
|Abstract :Coastal growth associated with human settlements, agriculture, aquaculture, and infrastructure developments can have significant impacts on near-shore habitats, such as coral reef, seagrass, and other ecologically sensitive area related to fishery breeding grounds. These impacts can be either direct or indirect. Example of direct effects are coastal reclamation projects, ground draining, dredging, reef and sand extraction for construction, while the indirect effects are more difficult to monitor such as effects of decreased water drainage, pollutants as well the global phenomena. Good zoning and land use policies will significantly reduce the impact of coastal development. As such earth observation system have been widely used in detecting, monitoring and mapping coastal impact evaluation from both natural phenomenon of climate change and coastal development projects. This session welcomes all papers related to EOS data analysis for coastal impact evaluation, and these could be ranging from the use of archived multi-temporal various EOS data, to new sensor and platforms; data processing including related algorithms to new analytics, and; case-studies at any respective national or regional projects using EOS for coastal impact evaluation.|
|18. Title : Indian Ocean Variability
Chair : McPhaden (Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), USA)
|Abstract :The Indian Ocean is unique in that it is blocked to the north by the Asian land mass, resulting in dramatic monsoon variations in atmospheric and oceanic circulation that are of tremendous consequence for regional ecosystems, fisheries, marine biogeochemistry, weather and climate. Features unlike found in any other oceanographic context are prevalent in the Indian Ocean, including seasonally reversing equatorial and western boundary currents, intense fresh water forcing from rainfall and river runoff in the Bay of Bengal, extraordinarily thick heat-trapping barrier layers, and Ningaloo Niño marine heat waves. The Indian Ocean is the spawning ground of the intraseasonal Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), a fundamental building block for Asian monsoon rainfall variations, a significant influence on El Niño onset, and a major control on tropical storm formation, atmospheric rivers, and weather fluctuations affecting the far reaches of the globe. The Indian Ocean is also the cross-roads for inter-basin exchanges involving the Indonesian Throughflow from the Pacific and the Agulhas leakage to the Atlantic. It was a key reservoir for heat accumulation during the recent decadal slowdown in global warming and it exhibits some of the strongest anthropogenically forced sea surface temperature trends in the world ocean. This session invites contributions that focus on describing and understanding the dynamics of Indian Ocean circulation, the links between the Indian Ocean and monsoon variability on intraseasonal to interannual timescales, marine heat waves, interactions and exchanges between the Indian Ocean and other ocean basins, decadal variability and its prediction, and the response of the Indian Ocean to climate change.|
|19. Title : Air-Sea Interaction in the Indo-Pacific Maritime Continent Region
Chair : Chidon Zhang (Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), USA)
|Abstract :The Indo-Pacific Maritime Continent (MC) is a special region with the largest archipelago on Earth. Its more than 22,000 islands reside in the warmest water in the world known as the Indo-Pacific warm pool. Multi-scale atmospheric phenomena, ranging from convective, diurnal, synoptic, intraseasonal, seasonal, interannual to longer variability, constantly interact with the oceans in this region. The nature of air-sea interaction in the MC is, however, very different from that over the open ocean because of the presence of islands that form many semi-closed and shallow bodies of water. Understanding air-sea interaction in the MC is pivotal to prediction of the local variability and its global impact. Many challenges will have to be met to achieve such an understanding, such as the need of in situ observations and high-resolution air-sea-land coupled models. In this session, we will discuss our knowledge, data, tools for the study of air-sea interaction in the MC, including recent and future field observations in the region.|
In collaboration with: